Benefits of Public Health Education

Public health education can be considered an ambiguous term. It teaches the proper way to improve one’s health, and can involve only one or two people, or the population of several countries. Anything that can seriously threaten the physical, mental, or spiritual health of a wide range of people, notably due to their interactions with one another, can be classified as a threat to the community’s public health. This is why public health education becomes a necessary tool to aid people against the spread of potential diseases and illnesses. Five of the most important reasons of how public health education can prove beneficial are as follows:

1. People are able to learn how to prevent the spread of communicable diseases through the training and methods being taught in education. People are able to have better access to information regarding general prevention of diseases, including the knowledge of what to do and how to act during epidemics in their area. Certain diseases have their own individual prevention methods that people should be well aware of, and employing these techniques lessens the risk of being infected by possible diseases. Through public health education, even simple things such as wearing a flu mask in particularly affected areas, or knowing when to take vaccines for a particular illness that is prominent at that time of the year, always proves very effective in limiting the number of people affected annually.

2. More people are able to access private and public medical institutions to prevent diseases or medical conditions, or to better treat them. Without the benefits of a public health education, most people may feel healthy enough and not find the need to go for a general check-up. Being aware that it is necessary to see your doctor regularly is one of the important things learned in a good public health education. Most medical hospitals and clinics offer immunization or vaccine shots during the flu seasons, or when a general outbreak of hepatitis is going around, and a public health education ensures that more people know to go to these facilities and avail of the treatment, thereby lessening the amount of ill people.

3. People are able to adopt a healthier behavior to lessen the risk of diseases being spread among themselves. Keeping things cleaner around the house, opting to lessen or quit smoking altogether, or exercising more are just a few of the many different ways taught in public health education to combat sickness and improve one’s lifestyle.

4. People become more aware of information relating to the disease, rather than believing in just public perception. Public health education not only deals with how to prevent illnesses, it also provides details of how a disease works, which may dispel some myths and fallacies about it in society. The HIV virus for example, can be spread through unprotected sexual intercourse, but not through activities such as kissing or touching. This also helps change a person’s views towards someone infected, promoting more empathy rather than discrimination.

5. People are able to help and contribute to disease prevention by supporting or volunteering at health care facilities. Public health education is more than just spreading information; it also calls people to actively participate in aiding others. To be able to protect one’s health, it is also necessary to protect the health of other people around you, and helps foster a more close-knit community and a better sense of camaraderie.

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How Do Hemorrhoids Affect Your Overall Health?

Most people are too embarrassed to tell their doctors about their hemorrhoids. Also called piles, hemorrhoids are masses that accumulate around the rectum. Due to straining or pressure, veins protrude from thin membranes, forming pouches. These can be so painful and irritating that even normal tasks can become stressful ordeals. What is the impact of hemorrhoids to your overall health?

Internal hemorrhoids are those formed inside the rectum, and sometimes extend outside the anus when dilated. External hemorrhoids are lumps that can be seen by the naked eye. Digital rectal exams (DRE) administered by doctors can detect lumps that aren’t visible, but a common symptom of hemorrhoids involve streaks of blood in the stool or toilet paper.

Hemorrhoids can be hereditary in nature. If you have family members with the same problem, then yours is probably genetic. Frequent diarrhea and constipation can increase pressure on the main vein leading to your lower extremities. Straining can impede normal circulation in the body, which weakens the walls of the veins, forming hemorrhoids.

Hemorrhoids, both internal and external, are painful. Prolonged standing and sitting can cause irritation, pain and even inflammation in the affected areas. It is uncomfortable and can distract from work. Worse, there are instances when hemorrhoids can really take a toll on your health.

There are times where a blood clot may form and cause severe pain in the area. This condition requires immediate intervention. Since hemorrhoids can bleed, anemia may also be a problem. Bowel movements, and scratching can lead to severe blood loss in some cases. Untreated anemia will result in fatigue, poor nutrition and body weakness – all of which can get in the way of your work even further.

As stated before, hemorrhoids can also protrude outside the body. When this happens, there’s a tendency that blood supply may be cut off. This condition is called strangulated hemorrhoids, which can lead to tissue death. Infection is the primary concern when this happens.

Hemorrhoids require immediate medical intervention. Topical creams/ointments and painkillers may be prescribed to numb the pain. Your doctor may also suggest soaking the affected area in warm water to relax the area and prevent irritation.

Most hemorrhoids are mild in nature, and sometimes go away on their own. But if you don’t pay close attention, they may lead to complications. Always keep in mind that prevention is better than cure, so keep moving, get some exercise, and eat only the right stuff.

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Smoking is Injurious to Health

You all know the harmful effects of smoking on our health, environment and others. Smoking is harmful for each and every organ of the body. In simple words, we can say that smokers are near death stage. Nicotine is a highly addictive drug found in tobacco. The intake of this drug stops your body growth and results in causing various diseases.

Smoking results in causing ulcer, stroke, mouth and throat cancer, larynx cancer, various heart diseases, pulmonary disease, bladder and cervical cancer. So, it becomes very important to give up this bad habit. Quitting this bad habit will reduce your risks for diseases and improve your health.

Leaving smoking habits is not an easy job but it can be done. The choice is yours that how you want to quit, what kind of help you need, which option you want to choose and where to go for help. After 2-3 trials, you can successfully quit from this habit. Every time you try to quit, you came to know the favorable and unfavorable situations.

Firstly you have to make-up your mind and change your nearby environment. Throw all cigarettes and ashtrays from your workplace, car and home. Your family, friends can also help you to achieve this. Don’t allow anyone to smoke around you. You can also take advice from your health care provider. Keep yourself busy and take proper rest. There are many medication programs that help you in quitting and diminishing your urge to smoke.

Leaving this habit results into proper development of your body, lessens the risk of developing diseases, increases your learning and working capacity and halves the risk of dying. You will find the following symptoms that may exist for few days after leaving your smoking habit: faintness, depression tetchiness, trouble while sleeping, agitation, headache and sleepiness.

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Health Benefits Of Truffles

Although truffles are very costly, there are now many more reasons to eat it apart from the truth that it is very exciting to eat a delicacy. One of these reasons is you are consuming truffles because these may bring you health benefits.

Through the years, contentions have been hounding the health benefits and nutritional value of truffles and mushrooms, generally. People say that edible mushrooms like truffles have no nutritional value at all and these are used just to add flavor to a selection of staple dishes.

Yet, more recent reports show that truffles and various sorts of mushrooms can bring a great deal of health benefits especially to vegetarians, individuals who don’t eat meat and only consume vegetables.

Technically, truffles are mushrooms that don’t have stems and are usually discovered under the ground-usually under oak, pine, beech, and pecan trees mostly in Europe including various parts of Italy, France, Slovenia and Croatia. In Asia, some varieties are located in China along with in Middle East while there are also some types native to North Africa.

So far, truffles are used only in the culinary field-as main ingredient to various dishes or as flavoring and garnishes to different specialties. The most frequent gourmet edible truffles that are being employed in various restaurants include the French Black Truffles, the Italian White Truffles, the Chinese Truffles, and the Summer Truffles.

If you are fond of eating truffles and mushrooms generally, here are the some of the health benefits that you are able to expect:

1. It is a good source of high protein. Truffles have high protein content ranging from 20 to 30 percent for each serving. Experts say that truffles are excellent sources of high protein content which it very ideal because these contain all the amino acids necessary to good nutrition for humans. For people who don’t consume fats and carbohydrates- specially to people who are having Western diets-truffles are very ideal since it is a fantastic source of protein.

2. It is in addition a moderate source of carbs. The main element of truffles and mushrooms in the main is carbohydrates derived from glycogen and chitin or also called the fungus cellulose which is a functional proponents of the fungal cell wall. All the same, compared to other vegetables, truffles have lower proportions of carbohydrates. This is in addition very good for people suffering from diabetes because truffles have low value of energy.

3. It is low-fat. As it is vegetable, truffles are ideal for individuals who cannot and do not want to consume too much fat. When dried, it has only about two to eight percent of fat which are mostly crude fat and lipid compounds such as fatty acids, sterols, phospholipids, glycerides and linoleic acid.

4. It is cholesterol free. This is probably the largest benefit to health of truffles. Through the years, cholesterol has been thought to be of the risk aspects of coronary heart conditions and other associated diseases. If you are inclined to stroke or heart attack or you have a family history any heart complaint, it would be great to consume cholesterol free food such as truffles to help you decrease your total cholesterol levels.

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Improve Penis Power With Superfoods

The foods men eat may have a pronounced effect on the health of their penis. Foods containing vitamins and minerals specific to penis health support sexual function, nerve transmission and testosterone levels when consumed regularly. While it is possible to support penis health through eating specific superfoods, it can be hard to achieve every single day. Men should eat a balanced diet, use recommended nutritional supplements, and explore penis health crèmes as ways of increasing vitamins and minerals for reproductive health.

Ginger: Ginger is a warming and invigorating plant that increases circulation to the extremities and the pelvic region, supporting healthy penile erections by improving blood flow. The root of the ginger plant is a rich source of essential oils, flavonoids and other plant chemicals, which open up blood vessels once ingested and also reduce platelet aggregation. In a study published in Food and Chemical Toxicology in 2010, researchers fed mice ginger root for 65 days. By the end of the study, the mice had increased testosterone levels, increased sperm count and motility, and increased sexual organ weight. Take ginger root as a superfood tea, purchase it as a herbal extract, or consume fresh root each day with your meals. If you are on heart or blood thinning medications, check with your doctor or pharmacist before using ginger products.

Nuts : Eat nuts for your nuts, and for your penis health. Nuts such as almonds, cashews, peanuts, brazil nuts and pecans contain dense amounts of nutrients essential for male sexual health. Magnesium for nervous system health, selenium for prostate health, protein for energy, chromium for lasting blood sugar levels, and essential fatty acids for nerve transmission. While nuts contain a variety of essential fatty acids, the most common fatty acid found in nuts is oleic acid. Nerves throughout the body, including in nerves in the penis, require oleic acid to form a protective coating around the nerve fiber. Without this protective sheath, known as myelin, nerve messages become confused and fail to transmit appropriately. Consume a small handful of mixed nuts each day to promote nerve health in your penis and boost energy levels.

Mushrooms: Mushrooms have been used for vitality, longevity and sexual health for thousands of years. While white button mushrooms are the most commonly consumed edible mushroom, the world is filled with hundreds of species of edible and medicinal mushrooms, some of which may be useful for penis health. A superfood and medicinal mushroom from the Himalayas, Cordyceps sinensis, has been extensively researched for its many health promoting properties, including sexual enhancement. Cordyceps has a positive effect on nitric oxide (NO) in the penis, acting in a similar way to the drug Viagra. It also increases testosterone levels and according to a study in 2009, Cordyceps has a beneficial effect on both sexual performance and fertility of animals. Find dried cordyceps from an Asian grocer or take Cordyceps in the form of a dried extract.

Fruits:Eating fruit may not sound very masculine, but most fruits are packed full of vitamins that will support robust sexual health. Oranges, nectarines, apples, red peppers, berries, rosehips, mangoes and kiwifruit are excellent sources of vitamin C and bioflavonoids for healthy circulation to the penis, effective connective tissue repair for the penis and foreskin, increased testosterone production, and antioxidant protection for the prostate. Tomatoes are also a source of vitamin A and lycopene for male reproductive health, and raisins contain magnesium which is essential for nervous system health. Watermelons, oranges and avocados contain the amino acid arginine, which supports erectile health and sexual performance. Eat a wide variety of fruits each day to benefit from their nutritional support.

Enhancing Penis Health with Nutrition

Vitamins, minerals and antioxidants are important for penis health and male virility. While there are many superfoods and herbal remedies out there which support the health of the male reproductive system, the best method to support penis health is always to eat a balanced and diverse diet. If you are on any medications or have health concerns, check with your pharmacist or other health professional for advice.

For increased nutritional support many men consider taking multivitamins and minerals. These Supplements are broken down and absorbed in the digestive tract to varying degrees in different individuals, but you can use a penis health formula (most health professionals recommend Man1 Man Oil) containing vitamin C, vitamin A, arginine and natural oils. Penis health formulas carry nutrients directly into the local blood stream, enhancing sexual function, connective tissue health and testosterone production quickly.

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Pharmaceutical Patents – What Are the Different Types?

Pharmaceutical patents are often being challenged in courts or are ignored in certain countries where patent infringement is not punishable. Pharmaceuticals patents can be related to different processes from manufacturing steps to delivery devices. Not all countries abide by the same standards when it comes to patent law protection and intellectual property rights. Naturally, pharmaceutical companies do not get protection for their patents in countries.

Drug patents are necessary because the process for the development of new drugs is very costly, up to $800 million on average. Therefore, the prescription drug industry requires exclusivity for a significant time period to recoup their investment. The process that pharmaceuticals must advance through before they are approved for mass production is extensive. The first step is the discovering of the drug. Pre-clinical trials are next, followed by three phases of clinical trials. The Food and Drug Administration’s approval is next and the final step is production and commercialization. The development and release of pharmaceuticals could take up to 14 years.

While the average patent covers the drug for a period of 20 years, the actual time drug companies realize that exclusivity and profit from the development is closer to 11.5 years. Since there is no way to renew a patent, when the patent expires, pharmaceutical companies must relinquish control of drug production to generic drug producers. Generic drugs however, are popular only because of their affordability. The average consumer or medical professional prefers name brand drugs due to the ease of determining their origination.

The basic types of patents include product patents, which protect new chemical discoveries. There are also products protected by process patents, which protect the manufacturing process. As the name implies, it protects others from using the exact same chemical or manufacturing process to produce a drug. The burden of proof lies on the company accused of infringement. A formulation patent is yet another type of patent pharmaceutical companies may seek. This protects the composition or method of application of a drug or a class of drugs. Examples of this type of patent can be found when examining hypodermic needle inventions of the last decade: the insulin pump or the intradermal needle. A method of use patent can be used to protect using an existing drug for a unique application.

Today many drug companies which have produced drugs with which the public is very familiar, like Plavix®, Lipitor® and Abilify® have patents that have or will expire in the very near future. Their monopoly over the profits from these branded drugs sales is over. This may seem like a fair step in the evolution of the pharmaceutical marketplace, but studies have proven that the innovation that results from patented drugs equals greater proliferation of innovation. Results from companies that can obtain a patent far exceed the innovations generated by generic drug companies. The cost to bring a new drug to the market has more than doubled over the last few decades and there is only one way to recoup the investment, through the use of patents.

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Waxing Exam Questions – Examples for Your Revision Plan

Waxing is a popular treatment in a beauty salon, so as a beauty therapist you need to be 100% confident with your technique and make sure your knowledge of waxing is second to none. Having a large selection of waxing exam questions is therefore essential to any beauty student’s study plan.

There are 4 different types of wax including;

Hot

Warm

Cold

Sugar

You need to know the difference between each one, the ingredients, what temperature they should be, what areas of the body they are used on and how to apply the wax etc.

Another vital area that needs to be covered when you are studying waxing is the anatomy and physiology part of it, namely anatomy of the skin and hair.

Take a look at the following waxing questions and see how many you can answer, try not to look at the answers;

1. What temperature should warm wax be used at? (Around 43 degrees C)

2. What 3 things make up the hair shaft? (Medulla, Cortex, Cuticle)

3. What are the 3 stages of the hair growth cycle? (Catagen, Telogen, Anagen)

4. What type of wax is ideally used on stronger, short hairs? (Hot)

5. Where is sebum produced? (Sebaceous Glands)

How did you do? These are the most basic questions that you need to know so if you were not able to answer even 1 of them, then you need to alter your revision plan.

A lot of terminology that you need to learn can be very difficult to remember so using your waxing revision questions over and over again will greatly improve your chances of retaining the information.

A lot of examining bodies such as ITEC, VTCT, NVQ and CIDESCO offer multiple choice questions as the format for the exam. Some examples of these type of waxing exam questions include the following;

01. Which endocrine gland is known as the master gland?

a) Pineal

b) Thyrod

c) Adrenal

d) Pituitary – Answer

02. Warm waxes are frequently made of mixtures of;

a) Resin and oil

b) Glucose syrup and honey

c) Glucose syrup and zinc oxide – Answer

d) Honey and witch hazel

03. Which one of the following is a cause of ingrowing hairs?

a) Too much exfoliation

b) Oily skin

c) Hot wax

d) Poor waxing technique – Answer

04. What is the composition of the cortex?

a) Thin, unpigmented flat cells

b) Thick, pigmented cells

c) Several layers of closely packed elongated cells – Answer

d) Several layer of closely packed endothelial cells

The secret to passing your waxing exam is having a structured revision plan which includes various exam questions and quizzes that you can revise.

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Hand Reflexology – What is the Difference Between Hand and Foot Reflexology?

There are many similarities between hand reflexology and foot reflexology, this article is going to look at how they compare and the benefits come from reflexology.

Both hand reflexology and foot reflexology use the energy system in the body to promote healing and well being. There are specific reflex points that are centralized in the hands and feet, and those reflex points relate directly to the major organs in the body.

When specific health problems are occurring, it is possible to help stop the symptoms and let the body heal by using reflexology. It is important that you locate the specific areas in the feet and hands that correlate with the problems that you are having.

Using reflexology techniques on the hands or feet (depending on the physical condition you are targeting) will help to balance out the energy levels in your body. Reflexology helps those energy points to become un-blocked allowing the energy to flow freely, which in turn encourages the natural healing processes of the body.

Reflexology is an alternative form of medicine, and some doctors do not agree that it will help you to heal or overcome physical ailments. But, there are many people that have experienced life changing healing by using reflexology on a regular basis.

When you begin to apply reflexology techniques in your life, be sure to start it with an open mind. The energy levels within the body are very sensitive and they contain quite a bit more healing power than most people realize. Having an open mind about reflexology will allow you to experience the full benefits that reflexology has to offers.

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ITEC Beauty Therapy Exam Papers – Sample Questions

ITEC Beauty Therapy exam papers consists of 50 multiple choice questions and have a pass rate of 60%.

When you are doing a Beauty Therapy diploma you will have to take about 6 separate exam papers depending on how many subjects you are taking. The main subjects covered under ITEC Beauty Therapy are;

* Skin & Eye Treatments

* Waxing

* Make Up

* Manicure & Pedicure

* Facial Electrical

When you are revising for your ITEC Beauty Therapy exams you need to have a set of sample questions similar to those you would find on the ITEC exam papers. As the format of the exam is multiple choice questions then these would be the best type of questions to use for your revision.

Some examples are as follows:

01. Cleansing creams are;

a) Oil based emulsions

b) Water in oil emulsions – Answer

c) Oil in water solutions

d) Water based emulsions

02. What part of the hair can be seen above the skin’s surface?

a) Root

b) Shaft – Answer

c) Follicle

d) Bulb

03. Which type of skin tends to age more quickly?

a) White – Answer

b) Asian

c) Young

d) Black

04. Which one of the following is not an effect of using the negative pole on the skin?

a) Softens the skin

b) Stimulates nerve endings

c) Decreases circulation – Answer

d) Produces an alkaline reaction

Your revision plan should be structured and organised. If you write out your plan and hang it on the wall in front of your desk, this will make things more clear. Take a set of multiple choice questions daily and learn them over and over again. If you constantly use this method you will be very surprised at how quickly your knowledge on this subject grows.

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Types of Beauty Salons and Some Tips For Choosing the Right One For You

A lot of modern beauty salons today are equipped with state-of-the-art equipment for doing practically anything you wish to be done with your hair from getting a perm to hair coloring, hair extensions, hair straightening, hair re-bonding, hot oil, and so on. Beauty salons also offer a wide range of beauty services aside from hair styling such as manicure, pedicure, facials, massage, hair removal, tanning services, and even full-scale spa treatments.

Types of beauty salons

There are different types of beauty salons and one way to categorize them is by price range: low, middle, and upscale. There are walk-in facilities that do not require an appointment and are usually lower priced than the upscale beauty salons. These types are usually homegrown neighborhood salons and are ideal for the person on-the-go who wants a simple trim or a basic haircut or a wash-and-wear hairstyle. These salons may be a bit limited in their equipment and offer only basic services. The second type-mid-range category-is usually a franchise of a national salon chain. These salons are reputable and are known by trademark throughout the country. For those who want a change of hairstyle but wants to be on the safe side, this is a safe bet because stylists in these salon chains usually undergo strict training and have to pass certain standards before they are allowed to cut and style hair. These types of salons usually offer a wide range of services and are equipped with the latest beauty salon technologies. Upscale boutique salons may also be homegrown or owned by an international or national chain. Naturally, they are pricier and usually have a swanky or hip address. A lot of five-star hotels offer upscale beauty salons where the patrons are in the upper-class range. These salons usually have hairdressers in landau scrubs and provide full-pampering treatments. So if you have the money to spare, it is also god to indulge yourself in these salons once or twice a year.

Beauty salon tips

Sticking with one stylist and beauty salon is ideal for most because developing a relationship with your stylist makes it easier to get things done right; and when it comes to beauty, you want to avoid any errors as much as possible. Choose a stylist that you are comfortable with and one who has a natural instinct for knowing what looks good on you. Hunting for the perfect stylist will also be a matter of budget and proximity. Remember, however, when it comes to your hairstyle, think of it as an investment. Don’t scrimp too much when choosing a beauty salon since the right hairstyle can do a lot to make you look gorgeous and a bad one can do a whole lot to wreak havoc to your appearance. Also remember that the best salons are usually already discovered by a lot of people. Word gets around fast when a beauty salon or stylist is worth taking note of. This means that salons or stylists that are worth it are usually booked weeks in advance so don’t put off getting an appointment until the last minute.

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